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Article

  • Title

    Modelling of road traffic for traffic flow optimization of modern regional center as an example of Odessa

  • Authors

    Myronenko Sergiy V.
    Gillis Dominique

  • Subject

    COMPUTER AND INFORMATION NETWORKS AND SYSTEMS. MANUFACTURING AUTOMATION

  • Year 2016
    Issue 3(50)
    UDC 656.13.001.57
    DOI 10.15276/opu.3.50.2016.10
    Pages 54-61
  • Abstract

    At present sharply there is a problem of traffic management especially in big cities. The increase in the number of vehicles, both personal and public, led to congestion of city roads, many hours of traffic jams, difficulty of movement of pedestrians, increase the number of accidents, etc. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the possibility of using simulation models to solve problems of analysis and optimization of traffic flows. To achieve this goal in a simulation environment the data base of the transport network will be developed. Materials and Methods: The problem of analysis and optimization of traffic flow is considered by the example of the city of Odessa (Ukraine), the results and recommendations can be easily adapted for other cities of Ukraine, and for the cities of most countries of the former socialist bloc. Features of transport systems make it impossible to build an adequate analytical model to explore options for the management of the system and its characteristic in different conditions. At the same time simulation modelling as a method to study such objects is a promising for the solution to this problem. As a simulation environment an OmniTRANS package as a universal tool for modeling of discrete, continuous and hybrid systems. Results: With OmniTRANS programs the model of traffic in Odessa was derived and the intensity of the traffic flow. B first approximation the transport network of the central district of the city was considered and built; without calibration and simulation it was developed a database of elements of the transport network and shown how it can be used to solve problems of analysis and optimization of traffic flows. Models constructed from elements of created database, allows you to change the level of detail of the simulated objects and phenomena, thereby obtaining models as macro and micro level.

  • Keywords

    transport flows, the transport network models, capacity, street and road network, vehicles, traffic management

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  • References

    Література
    1.    Treiber, M. Traffic flow dynamics: Data, models and simulation / M. Treiber, A. Kesting. — Heidelber: Springer, 2013. — 503 p.
    2.    Urban traffic networks: Dynamic flow modeling and control / ed. by N.H. Gartner, G. Improta. — Berlin: Springer, 1995. — 375 p.
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    References
    1.    Treiber, M., & Kesting, A. (2013). Traffic Flow Dynamics: Data, Models and Simulation. Heidelber: Springer.
    2.    Gartner, N.H., & Improta, G. (Eds.). (1995). Urban Traffic Networks: Dynamic Flow Modeling and Control. Berlin: Springer.
    3.    Chowdhury, M.A., & Sadek, A.W. (2003). Fundamentals of Intelligent Transportation Systems Planning. Boston: Artech House.
    4.    Ni, D. (2016). Traffic Flow Theory: Characteristics, Experimental Methods, and Numerical Techniques. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
    5.    Zakharov, Yu.I., & Karnaukh, E.S. (2014). The main modern traffic simulation tools. Bulletin of Prydniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 1, 46—51.
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    8.    DAT.Mobility. (n.d.). OmniTRANS: Transport Planning Software. Retrieved from http://www.omnitrans-international.com

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